Vineri, 12 Septembrie 2014 03:00

INTERNET SLANG AND “TEXTISMS”

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Internet slang and “textisms” (text messages) incorporate a variety of shortcuts used by Internet users and people typing phone texts, in order to save time. We all know what LOL, OMG, BTW mean, because we have probably all used them at a certain point in our online/telephone dialogues. Some of these abbreviations are even introduced in corporate trainings, manuals, business plans and advertising, with the aim of enhancing a faster understanding of business concepts and ideas to be implemented by using less written space (e.g., ASAP, w/ - w/o). In South Korea, there is even a textbook detailing the rules of use and the meaning of most common Internet slang, which targets students who will come into contact with the Internet. Moreover, Internet slang has been recommended as a study subject in English-learning classrooms, for the purpose of developing communication skills by sharing cultural values pertaining to language, which can be deciphered only in slang. Dictionaries (OED, Merriam-Webster) have also been updated to embody new jargon slang concepts.

Marți, 19 August 2014 03:00

CONSTRUCTED LANGUAGES (II)

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Welcome again to the world of invented languages, where meaningful words meet quirky grammar structures, and unusual sound combinations transpose humanitarian, scientific or artistic ideas. However strange, eccentric or feckless these languages may seem, they represent somebody’s high efforts and hopes to build a better or unique means of communication, and should be valued as such. This month we will explore three more conlangs, in an attempt to discover why they were created, how they evolved, and some of their distinctive features. Meet Talossan, an artistic language designed to define an outstanding new nation, Láadan, an engineered language created to test an original linguistic theory, and Solresol, an auxiliary language aiming at universality through music.

Luni, 23 Iunie 2014 03:00

CONSTRUCTED LANGUAGES (I)

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A constructed language (also known as artificial, planned or invented language, or conlang) is a language the phonology, vocabulary and grammar of which have been consciously created by an individual or group, either from components of existing natural languages or from scratch, for the purpose of human or human-like communication. Constructed languages are typically classified into auxiliary languages (devised to ease communication between speakers of different natural languages), engineered languages (used for experimentation in logic, philosophy or linguistics), and artistic languages (which add realism to fictional or other constructed worlds, and include secret and mystical languages). Other reasons for which languages have been created include esthetics, universality, simplification of thought or, on the contrary, allowing a refinement of expression. Some conlangs are “naturalistic” in displaying irregularity and complexity, and imitating natural linguistic change processes, while others streamline processes for easy use. Below you may glimpse what may be deemed the oldest, the most successful, and the oddest of invented languages - discover their history and main characteristics, and test your linguistic skills against the samples provided.

Luni, 19 Mai 2014 03:00

WHY WE LOVE FRENCH

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Spoken on all continents by 220 million people, an official language in 29 countries, learnt as a foreign language worldwide and extensively used in international diplomacy, French is also known as the language of culture, art, fashion, gastronomy and love. We hear it when we think of Louis XIV, Molière, Victor Hugo, Jean-Paul Sartre, Edith Piaf, Astérix, The Three Musketeers, The Phantom of the Opera or The Little Prince. At the same time, French is a dynamic language, evolving and striving to counterbalance the global influence of English (which, apropos, borrowed almost half of its basic vocabulary from French - words like money, air, car, stupid, blue, arrogant, to gain, to cry, to marry were all French at some point). And, whether we realize it or not, the French language and culture have a major influence on our lives. We fancy French fries, French kisses, French manicure and French windows, but we also have déjà vus, tête-a-têtes, ménages à trois and, essentially, the joie de vivre. Cliché, menu, force majeure, haute couture, femme fatale, belles-lettres, coup d’état and coup de foudre may sound equally familiar. Rich, elegant and melodious, French has a je ne sais quoi that makes foreigners either love it or hate it. We inserted below a few things you may not know about French, which will hopefully make you want to (re)discover its charm and what this language is really about beyond the usual stereotypes. We selected the crème de la crème of French curiosities, main difficulties, and reasons why it is a gold mine for linguists.

Cultural evolution represents a pervasive element in modern societies, along with language, which is a reflection thereof, for it actually points to the changes occurring within such communities. Every modern society undergoes change from a social, demographic and ethnic viewpoint and must respond to increasing globalization, immigration and all sorts of influences. Under these conditions, undesirable and unpleasant effects are produced, one of which is what is widely known as “calque”. This article explains and emphasizes this particular aspect of language change, by looking into the case of linguistic calque.

Vineri, 14 Martie 2014 02:00

THE BUTTERFLY EFFECT ON LANGUAGES

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Linguists have long been puzzled by the fact that the words used for ‘butterfly’ in most languages do not resemble one another, even within the same linguistic family. For instance, in Romance we find farfalla, papillon, mariposa and borboleta; Germanic languages display butterfly, Schmetterling, vlinder and sommerfugl. In Slavic languages, babochka, peperuda, motyl and leptir are no more similar. No other familiar creature has so many utterly different names. These words are as diverse, mysterious and charming as butterflies themselves, but, however they sound, they are always evocative, bringing to mind a plethora of images. They all appear to be unique, language-specific coinages, defying the general principle which postulates that words should be mutually recognizable in a linguistic family because they are all derived from one common root; borrowings between unrelated neighbouring languages are also surprisingly scarce. Why do butterflies generate such diversity? Do they have a particular impact on our basic cognitive creative processes or can it all be explained by historical linguistics in terms of inheritance? This paper, limited to European languages for space reasons, aims to answer such questions, analysing word differences from a historical point of view - entomology through the looking-glass of etymology. Find out how butterfly names relate to one another, but also the stories behind each word, explanations ranging from occult beliefs to religion, from the prosaic to the crude.

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În domeniul traducerilor, performanța se atinge după ani de experiență, dar procesul de documentare și de perfecționare continuă pe durata întregii cariere. Pentru a se asigura de acuratețea termenilor utilizați, echipa noastră de traducători și interpreți profesioniști se documentează în permanență pentru traducerile pe care le realizează, Indiferent dacă este vorba despre texte tehnice, juridice, fiscale, medicale sau din orice alt domeniu. Vă prezentăm mai jos o serie de resurse care ne ajută să ne îmbunătățim constant cunoștințele:

Asociații de traducători

Surse de terminologie

Instrumente CAT (programe de traducere asistata)

Portaluri pentru traducători

Autentificare