Joi, 18 Decembrie 2014 09:50

OUR ENGLISH FALSE FRIENDS

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The unprecedented interculturality of the modern world, facilitated by a multitude of communication media, has surprising effects on language, especially in what semantics mutations are concerned. The linguistic phenomenon whereby, under the influence of another language, new meanings are assigned to words that already exist in the language, is called semantic calque. Although this is a natural phenomenon in the evolution of each language, such calques are often unnecessary, because they do not define a new concept that speakers need, but simply occur because at some point speakers do not care so much as to look for the correct translation, choosing the first word that comes to mind, which is the closest in terms of phonetics and usually has the same origin. The new meanings, the inadequacy of which only matches their recurrence, then sneak into the day-to-day vocabulary because they sound perfectly natural and soon become so familiar that they can no longer be eliminated.

Every country has its own holidays that are often celebrated with time off work, family gatherings, parties or other activities. Some are international and even if they are not always celebrated on the same date, they are still encountered in a variety of countries, across different cultures. 

Vineri, 17 Octombrie 2014 03:00

TRANSLATING UNTRANSLATABLES (II)

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Exactly one year ago, the Lexington team began its linguistics writing journey with an article on the so-called untranslatable words, terms in one language for which there is no single-word counterpart in other languages (or, more often than not, English). They express ideas or emotions that other languages do not identify with a name, although the concepts may not be unfamiliar to speakers of those languages. Readers might remember German fremdschämen - feeling embarrassed for or on behalf of someone who should be ashamed but is not, or litost “a state of torment created by the sudden sight of one’s own misery” in Czech. We now resume our journey and focus on non-European languages by means of five more meaningful and appealing untranslatable words.

Vineri, 12 Septembrie 2014 03:00

INTERNET SLANG AND “TEXTISMS”

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Internet slang and “textisms” (text messages) incorporate a variety of shortcuts used by Internet users and people typing phone texts, in order to save time. We all know what LOL, OMG, BTW mean, because we have probably all used them at a certain point in our online/telephone dialogues. Some of these abbreviations are even introduced in corporate trainings, manuals, business plans and advertising, with the aim of enhancing a faster understanding of business concepts and ideas to be implemented by using less written space (e.g., ASAP, w/ - w/o). In South Korea, there is even a textbook detailing the rules of use and the meaning of most common Internet slang, which targets students who will come into contact with the Internet. Moreover, Internet slang has been recommended as a study subject in English-learning classrooms, for the purpose of developing communication skills by sharing cultural values pertaining to language, which can be deciphered only in slang. Dictionaries (OED, Merriam-Webster) have also been updated to embody new jargon slang concepts.

Marți, 19 August 2014 03:00

CONSTRUCTED LANGUAGES (II)

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Welcome again to the world of invented languages, where meaningful words meet quirky grammar structures, and unusual sound combinations transpose humanitarian, scientific or artistic ideas. However strange, eccentric or feckless these languages may seem, they represent somebody’s high efforts and hopes to build a better or unique means of communication, and should be valued as such. This month we will explore three more conlangs, in an attempt to discover why they were created, how they evolved, and some of their distinctive features. Meet Talossan, an artistic language designed to define an outstanding new nation, Láadan, an engineered language created to test an original linguistic theory, and Solresol, an auxiliary language aiming at universality through music.

Luni, 23 Iunie 2014 03:00

CONSTRUCTED LANGUAGES (I)

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A constructed language (also known as artificial, planned or invented language, or conlang) is a language the phonology, vocabulary and grammar of which have been consciously created by an individual or group, either from components of existing natural languages or from scratch, for the purpose of human or human-like communication. Constructed languages are typically classified into auxiliary languages (devised to ease communication between speakers of different natural languages), engineered languages (used for experimentation in logic, philosophy or linguistics), and artistic languages (which add realism to fictional or other constructed worlds, and include secret and mystical languages). Other reasons for which languages have been created include esthetics, universality, simplification of thought or, on the contrary, allowing a refinement of expression. Some conlangs are “naturalistic” in displaying irregularity and complexity, and imitating natural linguistic change processes, while others streamline processes for easy use. Below you may glimpse what may be deemed the oldest, the most successful, and the oddest of invented languages - discover their history and main characteristics, and test your linguistic skills against the samples provided.

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În domeniul traducerilor, performanța se atinge după ani de experiență, dar procesul de documentare și de perfecționare continuă pe durata întregii cariere. Pentru a se asigura de acuratețea termenilor utilizați, echipa noastră de traducători și interpreți profesioniști se documentează în permanență pentru traducerile pe care le realizează, Indiferent dacă este vorba despre texte tehnice, juridice, fiscale, medicale sau din orice alt domeniu. Vă prezentăm mai jos o serie de resurse care ne ajută să ne îmbunătățim constant cunoștințele:

Asociații de traducători

Surse de terminologie

Instrumente CAT (programe de traducere asistata)

Portaluri pentru traducători

Autentificare